Endocrinology

Adrenal Dysfunctions

Diabetes

Thyroid Disorders

The endocrine system consists of a network of glands that secrete hormones to regulate the body’s functions such as growth and development, metabolism, reproduction, internal balance of systems and response to stress or stimuli.

 

Examples of common endocrine diseases we treat:

  • Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid)
  • Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid)
  • Hashimoto’s thyroiditis
  • Thyroid nodules (both benign and cancerous)
  • Thyroid cancer
  • Parathyroid disease
  • Addison’s disease
  • Cushing’s syndrome
  • Graves’ disease
  • Low testosterone
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)

Adrenal Dysfunction

 

About Adrenal Gland Disorders

The adrenal glands, located on the top of each kidney, are responsible for releasing different hormones. Adrenal gland disorders occur when the adrenal glands produce too much or too little of these hormones.

 

 What are the adrenal glands?

The adrenal glands, located on the top of each kidney, are responsible for releasing different classes of hormones. The outer part of the gland, called the adrenal cortex, produces the hormones cortisol (pronounced KAWR-tuh-sohl) and aldosterone (pronounced al-DOS-tuh-rohn). The inner part of the gland, called the adrenal medulla (pronounced muh-DUHL-uh), produces the hormones adrenaline and noradrenaline.

 

These hormones—cortisol, aldosterone, adrenaline, and noradrenaline—control many important functions in the body, including:

  •  Maintaining metabolic processes, such as managing blood sugar levels and regulating inflammation
  • Regulating the balance of salt and water
  • Controlling the “fight or flight” response to stress
  • Maintaining pregnancy
  • Initiating and controlling sexual maturation during childhood and puberty
  • The adrenal glands are also an important source of sex steroids, such as estrogen and testosterone.

 

Why are the Adrenal Glands important?

 

Adrenal gland dysfunction can occur if there is a problem with the adrenal gland itself, such as a disease, genetic mutation, tumor, or infection. Or, sometimes the disorder results from a problem in another gland, such as the pituitary, which helps to regulate the adrenal gland. In addition, some medications can cause problems with how the adrenal glands function. When the adrenal glands produce too little or too many hormones, serious problems can erupt. Our goal is to intervene or prevent further disruption.

Diabetes

 

What is Diabetes?

 

Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose is your main source of energy and comes from the food you eat. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps glucose from food get into your cells to be used for energy. Sometimes your body does not make enough—or any—insulin or does not use insulin well. Glucose then stays in your blood and does not reach your cells.

Over time, having too much glucose in your blood can cause health problems. Although diabetes has no cure, you can take steps to manage your diabetes and stay healthy.

Sometimes people call diabetes “a touch of sugar” or “borderline diabetes.” These terms suggest that someone does not really have diabetes or has a less serious case, but every case of diabetes is serious.

Unfortunately, many people discover they have Diabetes by chance. Most are started on a medication, told to lose weight, and change their diet. Overtime, they are prescribed more medications with increasing side effects including fatigue and weight gain. This is typically how Diabetes is treated in a traditional health care setting. The issue with this approach is that most are not educated on why they have Diabetes and how to effectively manage this condition. At FH&W, we understand there are many factors and triggers that cause Diabetes which is why we serve as your investigator and educator to help you achieve optimal blood glucose levels.

Thyroid Disorders

 

Thyroid problems affect the thyroid, a gland in the neck that helps control many of the body’s most important metabolic processes.

If your thyroid becomes overactive (hyperthyroidism), underactive (hypothyroidism), or cancerous, you could experience a range of health problems.

Once diagnosed, however, thyroid problems can usually be treated effectively.

 

What is the thyroid?

The thyroid is a gland in the neck, near the base of the throat.

The thyroid gland makes hormones that help control many of the body’s metabolic processes, such as heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature and weight.

 

What type of thyroid problems are there?

 

The main types of thyroid problems are:

 

  • Hyperthyroidism – this is when your thyroid makes too much thyroid hormone. The most common symptoms of hyperthyroidism are nervousness, heat intolerance, heart palpitations, tiredness and weight loss.
  • Hypothyroidism – this is when your thyroid does not make enough thyroid hormone. Hypothyroidism can go on for years without showing any signs. When symptoms do appear, they can be quite varied and can include fatigue, increased sensitivity to cold, constipation, dry skin, weight gain, thinning hair, poor memory and depression.
  • Thyroid cancer – this is when some of your thyroid cells become cancerous. Thyroid cancer is more common in women than in men and is usually diagnosed in people’s fifties. It can usually be treated successfully.
  • Other thyroid problems typically caused by an autoimmune dysfunction, include nodules that grow in the thyroid, an inflamed thyroid, and an enlarged thyroid (Goiter).

 

Because the thyroid gland plays an important role in controlling many of your body’s functions, when it’s not functioning as it should, serious health problems can result.